​What Are the Long-term Effects of a Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury often results from a direct blow to the head; however, it can also happen from a jarring (whiplash-like) movement that causes the brain to smash into the skull. When this happens, the brain can bleed and swell, nerves can be damaged and torn, and the brain may no longer receive the oxygen it needs to perform at normal levels.

This can disrupt the brain’s normal functions and result in many disabilities. What makes this ordeal even more devastating is depending on the injury-causing event, these brain injuries can lead to long-term effects that can forever impact how a person will live their life.

To better help you understand these long-term effects and what they can mean for you and your family, we have prepared the following blog post. In it, we will detail what these long-term effects entail, whether you can pursue legal action following a traumatic brain injury incident, and how an experienced brain injury attorney can help you fight for maximum and fair financial recovery.

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The Different Sources of Traumatic Brain Injuries

​What Are the Long-term Effects of a Brain InjuryWhile a traumatic brain injury can occur in many ways, some of the most common causes of these debilitating accidents include:

  • Car crashes.
  • Motorcycle crashes.
  • Pedestrians being hit by vehicles.
  • Slips or trips and falls.
  • Acts of violence.
  • Bike, scooter, One-Wheel crashes.
  • Construction accidents.

Someone who suffers a traumatic brain injury due to another person’s wrongful actions, even if the cause is not indicated above, should consider speaking with an experienced traumatic brain injury attorney as soon as possible. These attorneys can review the facts of the injury-causing incident, determine the extent of your injuries, help with treatment referals and education, and figure out if you have a viable legal claim to pursue.

Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Due to the severity of these injuries, symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can be wide-ranging.

However, in general, a traumatic brain injury often results in physical, mental, and cognitive symptoms:

  • Headaches;
  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Loss of consciousness or dazed sensation;
  • Seizures or convulsions;
  • An inability to wake up from sleep;
  • Numbness or weakness in the extremities;
  • Profound confusion;
  • Agitation or frequent mood changes;
  • Combativeness;
  • Slurred speech;
  • Coma;

These symptoms will usually require immediate medical treatment to avoid or limit further complications. However, even with medical treatment, these injuries can still lead to long-term symptoms that can impact a person for the rest of their life.

Long-Term Complications of a Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 50 percent of individuals with a traumatic brain injury will experience further decline in their lives or die within five years of their injury.

Even when individuals receive inpatient rehabilitation services, their life expectancy can decrease because a traumatic brain injury increases the risk of a person dying from:

  • Drug poisoning: 11 times more likely
  • Infections: Nine times more likely
  • Pneumonia: Six times more likely
  • Seizures: 50 times more likely

However, these consequences do not end there. In addition, the long-term complications of a traumatic brain injury can expand to include the following:

Physical Issues

The long-term physical effects of a traumatic brain injury include:

  • A buildup of fluid in the brain, which can lead lead to higher skull pressure and swelling of the brain;
  • Severe headaches;
  • Vertigo;
  • Damage to blood vessels;
  • Damage to neurons;
  • Infections.

Sensory Issues

A traumatic brain injury can lead to long-term sensory issues that include:

  • Facial paralysis;
  • Swallowing issues;
  • Loss of taste, smell, or vision;
  • Dizziness;
  • Trouble maintaining balance;
  • Tinnitus;
  • Hearing loss.

Cognitive and Intellectual Issues

A traumatic brain injury may also impact a person’s ability to think and can result in individuals having issues with:

  • Remembering things (immediate, short term and long term memories);
  • Learning new things;
  • Reasoning;
  • Concentrating;
  • Paying attention;
  • Judgment;
  • Problem-solving;
  • Their ability to make decisions.

Communication Issues

A traumatic brain injury can impact how a person communicates with others, their speech, and their language skills.

More specifically, communication issues can manifest as:

  • Problems with expressing thoughts clearly;
  • Difficulty recognizing or understanding others;
  • Difficulty talking;
  • An inability to understand certain language or concepts.

Emotional Issues

The long-term effects of a traumatic brain injury can also include emotional issues, which tend to include:

  • Depression;
  • Anxiety;
  • Sudden changes in mood;
  • Anger;
  • Feeling agitated;
  • Aggressive behavior;
  • Problems with sleeping;
  • Feelings of isolation and being misunderstood.

Relationship Problems

When an individual suffers from a traumatic brain injury, they often do not feel like themselves anymore. As a result, this behavior change can significantly impact relationships with partners and loved ones.

Additionally, these traumatic brain injuries can often interfere with a person’s ability to remember events, conversations, and certain bonds they had made, which can impact established relationships and prevent new relationships from developing.

Employment Issues

Individuals suffering from a traumatic brain injury will often have to miss work because they are seeking treatment for their injuries. However, when these individuals suffer from the long-term effects of a traumatic brain injury, they may not return to work due to their loss of essential motor and cognitive skills. These losses can impact a person’s financial future, sense of purpose, and ability to care for their loved ones.

Financial Issues

Individuals who suffer from the long-term effects of a traumatic brain injury may end up struggling financially as they may face a lifetime of specialized medical treatments which can cost them and their families millions of dollars.

These treatments can include:

  • Surgery;
  • Occupational, physical and rehabilitative therapy;
  • Assistive medical devices;
  • Living modifications;
  • Prescription medications;
  • In-home assistive care.

Degenerative Brain Diseases

Finally, repeated traumatic brain injuries can also increase a person’s risk of developing several degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and other forms of dementia.

How Do You Know If You Have a Valid Legal Claim Following a Traumatic Brain Injury Accident?

If you suffered a traumatic brain injury (including a concussion) due to another person’s negligent or wrongful actions, you may have a legal claim to pursue. However, to better understand your options consider going over your circumstances with a knowledgeable traumatic brain injury attorney.

Your lawyers may need to answer a series of questions to determine whether you have a viable legal claim, including:

  • Did your brain injury result from another’s wrongful actions?
  • What was the extent of your brain injury?
  • Is there still time to pursue a lawsuit following your brain injury?
  • Is insurance or assets to cover your losses from your brain injury?

These lawyers can also help you figure out what legal actions you can take next, the remedies you can pursue, and develop a solid legal case to help you go after the money you are entitled to.

What Compensation Can You Pursue Following a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Depending on the circumstances which caused your traumatic brain injury, you may be entitled to certain types of damages to cover your losses. These damages are often broken into the following categories:

Economic Damages

Economic damages refer to payment for the “pocketbook” losses that can be accounted for or invoiced that result from a brain injury causing event, including:

  • Medical bills, past and future;
  • Lost income, past and future;
  • Lost earning capacity;
  • Replacement domestic services (child-care services, grocery shopping services, cleaning services);
  • Personal property loss or damage.

Non-Economic Damages

These damages refer to payment for the “human” losses that can arise when someone else is responsible for wrongfully causing your traumatic brain injury. Unlike an inanimate object, the law recognizes people have experiences and our lives have inherent value based on those.

They include losses related to:

  • Pain and suffering;
  • Emotional distress;
  • Disfigurement;
  • Mental anguish;
  • Loss of companionship;
  • Loss of enjoyment and quality of life;
  • Loss of reputation;
  • Humiliation;
  • Inconvenience related to not being able to live the life you had planned for yourself.

Wrongful Death Damages

If a loved one passes away from a traumatic brain injury, certain loved ones may pursue wrongful death damages to compensate for the losses suffered after losing a family member.

This may include compensation for:

  • Medical expenses;
  • Funeral and burial costs;
  • The loss of the decedent’s financial contributions;
  • Loss of love, support, guidance, companionship and the relationship.

However, to determine which of these damages may apply to your case, consider discussing the matter with an experienced traumatic brain injury attorney. These lawyers can review the facts of your case, figure out which of these damages you can go after, and help you fight for maximum compensation.

How Much Compensation Can You Secure Following a Brain Injury?

Due to the complexities of a brain injury, and the fact that no two cases are the same, no legal professional can tell you exactly how much money you can obtain following a brain injury event. In truth, there are just too many factors that can impact this recovery, including:

  • The severity of the brain injury;
  • The type of treatments that you need in the future;
  • Whether the brain injury is permanent;
  • The ability to work following the injury;
  • The extent of lost income;
  • The ability to take part in everyday activities following the injury;
  • The wrongdoer’s culpability;
  • The type of evidence presented and the trustworthiness of the witnesses;
  • The need for replacement services.

While no attorney can guarantee that you will secure a specific amount of money following this devastating injury, qualified and experienced attorneys can review these factors, figure out how they can influence your legal claim, and prepare a strong response to them to help you fight for the financial damages you deserve.

Which Parties Can You Hold Responsible for Causing a Traumatic Brain Injury?

Because brain injuries can be caused by many different events, those who are injured can hold many parties responsible, including:

  • Motorists who cause collisions;
  • Property owners who fail to keep their property in reasonably safe condition;
  • Companies which make and/or sell dangerous products.

To determine which of these parties can be held accountable, contact an experienced traumatic brain injury attorney as soon as possible. These legal professionals can investigate what happened, figure out who was responsible for your traumatic brain injury, and help you hold the wrongful parties accountable for your injuries and losses.

How Can an Experienced Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer Help You Fight for the Damages You Deserve

 Lawyer, Ram Fletcher

Personal Injury Lawyer, Ram Fletcher

If you or a loved one suffered from a traumatic brain injury or are experiencing any of the long-term effects of this brain injury, reach out to a skilled traumatic brain injury attorney as soon as you can. Depending on what caused the injury or who was at fault, you may have legal options and remedies you can pursue, and working with these attorneys can help you go after the damage you deserve. Reach out to a personal injury lawyer.

Once retained, these attorneys can:

  • Determine whether you have a viable legal claim and your possible legal options;
  • Go over your questions and concerns and offer you the answers and clarification you need;
  • Keep you updated on your case throughout the legal process;
  • Gather evidence that can help validate your legal claim and establish liability;
  • Hire experts to substantiate your case;
  • Handle settlement negotiations and fight for a fair settlement offer;
  • Take your case in front of a judge or jury if the other side is not willing to provide you the money you need and work tirelessly to get you every last dollar you to which you are entitled.

After a traumatic brain injury caused by another person’s negligence, recklessness, or intentional actions, do not wait to fight for the justice you deserve. Instead, contact an experienced traumatic brain injury attorney today for your free case evaluation and learn how an attorney can help you.

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